An understanding to what causes obesity

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Obesity is a prevalent health problem in masses, which is giving rise to metabolic-syndrome, arthritis and some types of cancers as well (Braziers, n.d.). While, everyone or most of the people are familiar with the term “obesity”, there is a new terminology which is being incorporated for it in the field of medical research, which is “Adiposity-Based Chronic Disease”. What caused American College of Endocrinology to be verbose when such a simple word (Obesity) for “access body fat” is already in the field? The answer is extremely simple, yet most effective. Whenever, anyone hears the word “obesity” they tend to think about the physical appearance of the person and his/her social acceptance, or simply saying if they are ridiculed on the basis of their body mass or not. While, this approach is somewhat empathetic and sympathetic, this thought is offensive for some as well, since it is judgmental in nature. In lieu to this very notion, medical researchers came around with a more “medical-centric” terminology for obesity which is “Adiposity-Based Chronic Disease” (Tedla. K, 2017).

Let’s take a gander upon the causes of obesity, as it does not just develop overnight. There are numerous reasons which play their role in shaping this onerous, health damaging reality. There are issues and then there are issues, let’s just say related to it and are causal to it. Putting it in this way manner enunciates that obesity is a problem which everyone knows, and then there are other health issues which it gives rise to. Daily routine, eating habits, sleeping habits, social issues, anxiety, work related stress, university or school related stresses, not doing regular exercise, sitting in front of a screen all day long at the office, these are only some of the issues which erects a larger problem which is obesity and then some.

So, what is obesity? According to definition it is regarded as the excess body weight or fat which a person carries or it develops over a period of time. Physicians tell their patients that they are obese when they cross the “Body Mass Index (BMI)” barrier of “29.9”. BMI is a tool which is frequented by the doctors to determine the levels of excess weight or low weight a person carries, this chart is a combination of “age, gender and height”, knowing all of these and then the current weight, doctor determine if a person is obese or underweight. According to the BMI chart a person who is in between the scale of 25 to 29.9 carries excess weight. While, there are other factors to comprehend if a person’s weight is adequate for his/her health or not like “waist to height ratio (WHR) and waist to hip size (WHR)”, BMI chart is more frequented by the medical specialists. As mentioned before that there are numerous reasons which lead to obesity some more are clearly deliberated for a better comprehension according to a research by “Medical News Today”. There are people who reduce the excess weight normally through exercise and normalizing their diet but then there are people for whom the case has to be referred to surgeries, why because the battle is too far gone for them unfortunately (Braziers, n.d.).

1.Consuming too much Fatty Foods

When a person eats food which is rich in calories and then not burn or consume it afterwards, those extra calories store up in the body as fats. Extra fats and sugars, which store themselves up in the body leads to health related issues, like cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes etc. There are so many mouth-watering foods in the market like fries, donuts, processes crisps, foods with high carbs, fast food, burgers, carbonated fizzy drinks etc. Okay! All of them are hard to resist but none of them are worth more than your health too!

2. Having a Sedentary Lifestyle

So many people are out in the world who prefer the leisure of driving a personal car to the office, instead of walking, taking a bus, cycling etc. Everyone is just looking for their own cabin or a cubicle where they can easily sit in their office chair and work on the systems all day long; these people prefer vending machines for food which is absolutely not healthy, time constraints are there obviously but they do not restrict one to bring their own lunch from home. Instead, people prefer fast food by ordering it in the offices. Basically, people who leave a sedentary life are the ones who get “lazy” it’s not because they want to, it is mainly due to their fixed office routine and when they get back home they are too tired to go for a little stroll or exercise. Children specifically when they get back home from schools and universities they tend to sit on their gadgets all evening and night, doing their assignments and playing online games etc. This gives rise to obesity in such people as well.

3. Staying up late

This habit is getting more and more common these days, while the working hours are increasing giving enough time to family requires one to stay up late and then there are friends as well, who complain when you do not meet them. Adolescents and young adults too are going through a rigorous routine and then they stay up late or sometimes all night long to study, watch movies, play games etc. According to researches not taking adequate sleeps leads to obesity as well, since it disturbs a person’s “metabolism and increase the eating habits”. When the person does not have enough energy to get through the day he/she tends to eat more to keep up the pace and then this develops obesity overtime.

4. Some Medicines leads to weight gain

Yes, this might come as a shocker to some but there are medicines, when taken regularly over a period of time can cause increase in weight. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism in 2015 concluded that some medicines caused their consumers to gain weight. “Atypical antipsychotics, especially olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone Anticonvulsants and mood stabilizers, and specifically gabapentin hypoglycemic medications, such as tolbutamide glucocorticoids used to treat rheumatoid arthritis And similarly, some antidepressants” are the medicines which increase weight. Research suggests that there are medicines which also reduce weight”, (Braziers, n.d.). “Some diabetes medications (medications used in lowering blood sugar such as insulin, sulfonylureas, and thiazolidinediones), certain hormones such as oral contraceptives, and most corticosteroids such as prednisone. Some high blood pressure medications and antihistamines cause weight gain as well.” (Balentine, J. R. (n.d.). Mentioning all of these medicines is an effective way of understanding that self-medication can be really harmful to health, so it is better to consult your physician before taking any medicine. After reading all of this, do not discontinue any medicine (drug) and consult your doctor immediately before taking any step.

There are other factors like “fat gene”, basically inherited by family, which play their role in perpetuating obesity and if one observes then that person will come to know that as longer as you are overweight the harder it gets to reduce it (Braziers, n.d.). So it is better to exercise on a daily purpose and control eating habits. Since, there are people for whom this chance has far gone. They have to go for surgeries in order to lead a normal life. Consulting a dietician may help, since controlling your diet in an unhealthy manner, for example going on excruciating diet like leaving everything and staying hungry. Leaving the stomach empty for hours may cause other health problems, so let’s stay in the line of normality. Taking three meals a day adequately and in a timely manner is normal and with it a walk for half an hour every day is a good start! You do not need a gym, if that is an excuse.

There are many obesity control tips which are being offered by platforms, both online and by bariatric surgeons through established obesity control centers. Obesity management plan include, going to gym and exercising with a qualified gym instructor, through bariatric surgery, but you can reduce weight even without one as mentioned above, by keeping a normal and healthy routine but surely it will take longer and puts you at a risk of contracting diseases.